Use of virtual reality to reduce anxiety and pain of adults undergoing outpatient procedures

Kizzanna Brown, Cynthia Foronda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


(1) Background: Research has demonstrated that virtual reality (VR) has reduced pain and anxiety for patients undergoing health procedures. The aim of this quality improvement project was to implement and evaluate immersive VR as a non-pharmacological intervention to reduce pain and anxiety in those adults undergoing outpatient procedures under monitored anesthesia care. (2) Methods: This quality improvement project incorporated the Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) model and employed a pre/post-implementation evaluation. Seven patients used VR during outpatient surgeries. Pain and anxiety scores were evaluated. (3) Results: Patients using VR exhibited lower pain and anxiety scores post-procedure compared to pre-procedure. Both patients and providers indicated high satisfaction with the VR experience. (4) Conclusions: This quality improvement project demonstrated the successful translation of research into practice. VR is a novel intervention that can reduce both pain and anxiety to improve the patient's perioperative experience.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number36
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 19 2020


  • Anesthesia
  • Anxiety
  • Non-pharmacologic
  • Pain
  • Virtual reality
  • Virtual reality therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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