Combined liver and inferior vena cava resection for hepatic malignancy

Spiros G. Delis, Juan Madariaga, Gaetano Ciancio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Objective: The experience from a single center, in combined liver and inferior vena cava (IVC) resection for liver tumors, is presented. Methods: Twelve patients underwent a combined liver resection with IVC replacement. The median age was 45 years (range 35-67 years). Resections were carried out for hepatocellular carcinoma (n = 4), colorectal metastases (n = 6), and cholangiocarcinoma (n = 2). Liver resections included eight right lobectomies and four left trisegmentectomies. The IVC was reconstructed with ringed Gore-Tex tube graft. Results: No perioperative deaths were reported. The median operative blood transfusion requirement was 2 units (range 0-12 units) and the median operative time was 5 hr. Median hospital stay was 10 days (range 8-25 days). Three patients had evidence of postoperative liver failure, resolved with supportive management. Two patients developed bile leaks, resolved conservatively. With a median follow up of 24 months, all vascular reconstructions were patent and no evidence of graft infection was documented. Conclusions: Aggressive surgical management of liver tumors, offer the only hope for cure or palliation. We suggest that liver resection with vena cava replacement may be performed safely, with acceptable morbidity, by specialized surgical teams.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)258-264
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of surgical oncology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2007


  • Hepatic metastases
  • Hepatic resection
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Vascular exclusion
  • Vena cava

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology


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